Yarn weights and typical uses

UK Weight – US Equivalent – Typical Needles – Typical Use

  • 1,2 & 3 ply – Lace, fingering – 2-3.5mm – Baby clothes, lace work and socks
  • 4 ply – Sportweight, Baby – 3-4mm – Socks, lightweight tops and baby clothes
  • Double Knitting (DK) – Light Worsted weight – 3.5-4.5mm – Suitable for most garments
  • Aran – Worsted, Fishermans, Afghan or Aran weight – 4-5.5mm – Warm thick jumpers
  • Chunky – Bulky weight, Chunky, Rug – 5.5-7mm – Chunky, oversized garments
  • Super Chunky – Super Bulky – 7-12mm – Ideal for soft furnishings such as blankets and cushions
  • Big – – 9-20mm – Ideal for quick projects such as cushions & rugs

Crochet Hooks

Metric (mm) – Old (Imperial) UK size – US Size

  • 2 – 14 – –
  • 2.25 – 13 – B/1
  • 2.5 – 12 – –
  • 2.75 – – – C/2
  • 3 – 11 – –
  • 3.25 – 10 – D/3
  • 3.5 – 9 – E/4
  • 3.75 – – – F/5
  • 4 – 8 – G/6
  • 4.5 – 7 – 7
  • 5 – 6 – H/8
  • 5.5 – 5 – I/9
  • 6 – 4 – J/10
  • 6.5 – 3 – K /10_
  • 7 – 2 – –
  • 8 – 0 – L/11
  • 9 – 0 – M/13
  • 10 – 0 – N/15
  • 11.5 –  – P/16

Knitting

Abbreviation: Meaning

  • 0: no stitch or row to be worked in this size
  • *: marks beginning of pattern repeats
  • [] or (): contains larger sizes or certain instructions
  • alt: alternate
  • approx: approximately
  • beg: beginning
  • bet: between
  • c: contrast
  • cb: cable back
  • cc: contrast colour
  • cf: cable forward
  • cm: centimetres
  • cn: cable needle
  • co: cast on
  • cont: continue
  • dec: decrease by working 2 stitches together
  • DK: double knitting
  • dpn: double-pointed needles
  • eor: every other row
  • foll: following
  • folls: follows
  • g: gram
  • g. st: garter stitch, in other words, knit every row
  • in: inches
  • inc: increase by working into front and back of stitch
  • incl: Inclusive
  • K: knit
  • K2tog: knit 2 together
  • kb: knit through back of st (loop)
  • kfb: knit into front and back of stitch
  • kwise: by knitting the stitch
  • lh: left hand
  • lt: left twist
  • m: metre(s)
  • m. st: moss Stitch.
  • m1: make a stitch by picking up horizontal loop lying before next stitch and working into back of it.
  • M1L: make 1 twisted to the left – increase by 1 stitch
  • M1p: make 1 purlwise – increase by 1 stitch
  • M1R: make 1 twisted to the right – increase by 1 stitch
  • mb: make a bobble
  • mc: main colour
  • MEAS: measures
  • meas: measures
  • mm: millimetres
  • ms: main shade
  • no: number
  • oz: ounces
  • p: purl
  • p2sso: pass two slipped stitches over
  • P2tog: purl 2 stitches together – decreases by one stitch
  • P3tog: purl 3 stitches together – decreases by two stitches
  • patt: pattern
  • patt rep(s): pattern repeat(s)
  • pb: purl through back of st (loop)
  • pfb: purl into front and back of stitch
  • PM: place marker
  • prev: previous
  • psso: pass slipped stitch over
  • pw: purlwise (or as if to purl)
  • pwise: by purling the stitch
  • rem: remain (ing)
  • rep: repeat.
  • rev st st: reverse stocking stitch
  • rh: right hand
  • rnd(s): round(s) – on a circular needle
  • rs: right side
  • RT: right twist
  • S1K1: slip 1, knit 1
  • sk: skip
  • sk2po: slip 1 stitch, knit 2 stitches together, pass slipped stitch over – decreases by two stitches
  • skpo: slip 1 stitch, knit 1 stitch, pass slipped stitch over – decreases by one stitch
  • sl: slip
  • sl st: slip stitch
  • SL1K: slip 1 knitways
  • sp: space
  • ssk: slip one, slip one, knit the two slipped stitches together – decreases by one stitch

Crochet

Abbreviation: Meaning

  • beg: beginning
  • bpdc: backpost double crochet
  • cc: contrasting colour
  • ch: chain
  • cl: cluster
  • dc: double crochet
  • dec: decrease
  • dtr: double treble crochet
  • fpdc: front post double crochet
  • hdc: half double crochet
  • inc: increase
  • lp(s): loop(s)
  • mc: main colour
  • p: picot
  • rep: repeat
  • rnd: round
  • rs: Right Side facing you
  • sk: skip
  • st: stitch
  • ss or sl st: slip stitch
  • sc: single crochet
  • sp: space
  • tog: together
  • tr: treble
  • tr tr: triple treble
  • woh: wool over hook
  • ws: wrong side facing you
  • yoh: yarn over hook